30 MORE | VIDEO – Rulings of The First 10 Days of Dhul-Hijjah – Majed Jarrar – Ajyal Islamic Centre – Vancouver

Brother Majed Jarrar from Ottawa, Ontario is visiting Vancouver.

On Thursday evening, he shared a short backgrounder on the significance of Dhul-Hijjah at Ajyal Islamic Centre.

He then delivered the Jumah Qhutbah (Friday Sermon) at Muslim Association of Canada Vancouver earlier today.

I was able to attend both.

Video is Br. Majed Jarrar’s 45-ish minute lecture on Islamic Jurisprudence of The First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah.

His presentation was methodical as he narrated each of his points in an easy-to-digest manner. I learned so many important take-aways about these most important 10 days of the year, many things I had never learned before, ever. He also explains why we never learn this knowledge nowadays.

To only mention a few of those teachings:

  • Ramadan is a Training for the day-to-day Living during The First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah
  • Ramadan is Communal, we have a group dynamic which encourages positive behaviour. Dhul-Hijjah is Personal, did we learn and are we applying what we trained for in Ramadan?
  • The First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah are More Important and Blessed than the Last Ten Nights of Ramadan
  • During Ramadan, Good Deeds are Multiplied. During the First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah, Good AND Bad Deeds are Multiplied, so, whoops, we better watch ourselves, eh?
  • Takbeerat is to be said aloud not only on the morning of Eid-Al-Adha, but throughout the First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah. [ More on Takbeerat below ]

Please consider watching the entire video then apply and share what you can.

“…The ten days of Thu al-Hijja; a.k.a the pilgrimage season, a.k.a the most sacred ten days in the Muslim calendar, for the pilgrim and non-pilgrim.

Part I

10 Rulings for the takbeer in the 10 days
*******************

1. It is recommended to perform generic takbeer (i.e., saying Allahu Akbar: God is the greatest, at any time, not just at the end of the five daily prayers) in both Eids. (1)

2. It is recommended to be said at homes, mosques, on the road, in residence and while traveling, urban and rural, and in every location where it is permissible to mention God (e.g. not in a bathroom). (2)

It is recommended to be said in an audible voice, for anyone who is of age to pray, except a female; she whispers it.

3. It is especially recommended beginning the eves of Eids; i.e. starting from the sunset of the 9th of Thu alHijja (August 31, 2017), and last sunset of Ramadan. It is most recommended when leaving the house to prayer on the morning of Eid, until the person sees the imam get up to pray Eid.

Generally speaking, the generic takbeer in Thu alHijja begins on the first sunset (already started a few hours ago) and lasts until the end of the Eid sermon. (2, 3)

4. It is recommended to perform specific takbeer (the one that follows the five daily prayers) on the Eid of Adha only, not Fitr. Beginning from the Fajr of Arafa (the 9th of Thu alHijja, August 31, 2017), for the non pilgrim. (4)

As for the pilgrims they begin after Dhuhr of Nahr (10th of Thu alHijja, Sept 1, 2017), because they would be busy with talbiya before that.

The specific takbeer lasts until the Asr of the last day of tashreeq (13th Thu alHijja, Sept 4 2017). The pilgrim would make takbeer after 17 prayers, and the non pilgrim after 23 prayers.

5. The specific takbeer follows each one of the five daily prayers in congregation, right after tasleem, before istighfaar, and before saying ‘Allahumma anta Assalam…’

The one who came late and missed a rak’ah or more in congregation, they get up to finish, then begin the takbeer after they finish their prayer, even if everyone else finished, because it is like any other thikr they should do after finishing they prayer.

The imam turns first towards the congregation, then begins the takbeer facing them.

There’s no specific takbeer after voluntary prayers, or for obligatory prayers not done in congregation. There’s no specific takbeer after Eid prayer or Dhuha. (5)

6. A woman is like a man in all the above, performs specific takbeer if she attends obligatory prayers in congregation, albeit women-only, and doesn’t if she prayed alone. However, she does not make her voice audible.

7. Whoever forgets the takbeer, they should make it up in their location where they prayed, albeit after a brief chat or thikr.

Whoever gets up or starts to leave then remembers, they should go back and sit and perform it; for performing it in the location where they prayed is Sunnah. It is permissible to perform it walking if there’s a need to leave, as long as they’re still inside the mosque.

If they leave the mosque, or forget it for so long, then they may not make it up anymore.

8. Best form of takbeer:

Allahu Akbar
Allahu Akbar
La ilaha illa Allah
Wa Allahu Akbar
Allahu Akbar
Wa Lillah Alhamd. (8)

9. Other forms are permissible. Doing it once is sufficient, doing it more is permissible, doing it three times is good. (9)

10. It’s okay to greet one another with Eid, such as saying taqabbal Allah, or whatever people are used to say.

– Translated, with minor edits, from the words of Sheikh Muhammad Abdul Wahid.

Footnotes:

1. Ibn Umar used to perform takbeer in both Eids.

2. God said: “for you to complete the period and to glorify God for that [to] which He has guided you; and so you may be grateful.” (2:185)

3. Ibn Umar and Abu Hurairah used to go out to the market in the ten days, they perform takbeer, and people would perform takbeer after them. (Bukhari)

4. Imam Ahmed was asked: what’s the proof for this. He said: The consensus of Umar, Ali, Ibn Abbas and Ibn Mas’oud.

5. Ibn Mas’oud: “the takbeer is only for those who attended the congregation.”

8. Stated by Ali, may Allah be pleased with him. Attributed also by al-Munthiri to Umar. Ahmed reported a similar one by ibn Mas’oud and al-Nakh’ee reported similar one.

9. Analogous to istighfaar three times after prayer, or saying Subhan almalik alquddoos three times after witr.”


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